The things you don’t want to miss about this ‘novel’ Coronavirus.

What is Coronavirus actually? Coronaviruses (CoVs) are important pathogens for humans and animals, usually associated to respiratory (upper respiratory tract particularly) and gastro-intestinal infections. Morphologically, Coronaviruses exhibit “crown-like” appearance and hence are named “Coronavirus.”

What’s Covid-19? How does it have a relationship with Coronavirus? A new strain of coronavirus causing pneumonia-like symptoms was recently identified in Wuhan, China, marking the beginning of the spread of the virus across the globe. This novel strain appears to be genetically similar to members of Coronavirus family, SARS-Cov(Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus) and MERS(Middle East Respiratory Syndrome), and both of them has formerly dared clinical and public challenges locally to China and Jordan respectively. That’s why, the agent which causes it termed as “SARS-Cov2.”

Does this novel virus get transmitted from animals? What molecular analysts have to say about this? There’s not a supporting evidence that it gets transmitted from animals, primarily indicating it adopts the route from ‘person-to-person’ rather than ‘animal-to-person.’ Also, it’s likely to get transmitted via respiratory droplets. However, molecular analysts suggest that it could be originated from bats after passing in intermediate hosts, highlighting the high zoonotic potential of Coronaviruses.

How deadliest it is? Covid-19 epidemic has claimed the 8,791 lives yet and infecting almost 213,617 people all across the globe.

Symptoms? When to see the doctor? Patients confronting Covid-19 may have mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms including: ●fever ●Cough(dry cough precisely) ●Shortness of breath ●Diarrhoea

You maybe assymptomatic! Studies reveal that one can display no symptoms at all but still would be able to transmit viruses to next person.

Any potential treatment available? Why antibiotics are of no use? No, since it’s entirely a novel agent to be dealt with. So, there’s evidently no vaccine or treatment available on the scene however certain precautions or preventions may subside the effects of symptoms. Also, antibiotics, which treat against bacteria solely, don’t prove to work against it. Viruses require vaccinations.

WHO suggested precautions to battle Coronavirus: ●Wash your hands frequently ●Maintain social distancing ●Avoid touching nose, mouth, hands ●Practice respiratory hygiene

How it’s different from flu (influenza)? These two may share the same symptoms but still these two are contrasting as chalk and cheese. The flu has an R0 value(basic reproduction number) of about 1.3. Meanwhile, the R0 value for Coronavirus is yet to be identified. ●Incubation period for Coronavirus: 7-14 days. ●Incubation period for flu: 3 days. Least but not last, if you get spotted with the Coronavirus infection, just adopt quarantine firstly as a preventive measure.

Important message: Wear masks properly. Don’t miss to tell your travel history to your doctors.

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